treeSeg: testing for dependence on tree structures

Behr, M., Ansari, M. A., Munk, A., Holmes, C. bioRxiv:622811

Tree structures, showing hierarchical relationships and the latent structures between samples, are ubiquitous in genomic and biomedical sciences. A common question in many studies is whether there is an association between a response variable measured on each sample and the latent group structure represented by the tree. Currently this is addressed on an ad hoc basis, usually requiring the user to decide on an appropriate number of clusters to prune out of the tree to be tested against the response variable. Here we present a statistical method with statistical guarantees that tests for association between the response variable and the tree structure across all levels of the tree hierarchy with high power, while accounting for the overall false positive error rate. This enhances the robustness and reproducibility of such findings. Preprint: bioRxiv:622811.